• Timeline of Philosophers



     WESTERN PHILOSOPHERS

    Classical Philosophers

    600-500 BCE
    Thales of Miletus
    Anaximander of Miletus
    Anaximenes of Miletus
    Pythagoras of Samos
    Xenophanes of Colophon

    500-400 BCE
    Heraclitus of Ephesus
    Parmenides of Elea
    Anaxagoras of Clazomenae
    Zeno
    Empedoc
    Hippias
    Gorgias.
    Socrates of Athens
    Leucippus of Miletus
    Democritus of Abdera
    Archelaus. A pupil of Anaxagoras.
    Melissus of Samos. Eleatic.
    Cratylus.
    Ion of Chios.
    Echecrates.
    Timaeus of Locri.

    400-300 BCE
    Aristippus of Cyrene .
    Antisthenes
    Xenophon
    Plato
    Diogenes of Sinope
    Euclid
    Aristotle
    Strato of Lampsacus
    Xenocrates
    Pyrrho of Elis
    Hellenistic Philosophers

    300-200 BCE
    Epicurus
    Zeno of Citium
    Timon
    Chrysippus of Soli

    200-100 BCE
    Carneades

    100-0 BCE
    Lucretius
    Roman Era Philosophers

    0-100 CE
    Cicero
    Philo
    Seneca the Younger

    100-200 CE
    Epictetus
    Marcus Aurelius

    200-400 CE
    Sextus Empiricus
    Plotinus
    Porphyry
    Iamblichus of Syria
    Augustine of Hippo
    Proclus


    Western Medieval Era Philosophers

    500-800 CE
    Boethius
    John Philoponus

    800-900 CE
    Al-Kindi .
    John the Scot

    900-1000 CE
    al-Faràbi
    Saadia Gaon
    al-Razi

    1000-1100 CE
    Ibn Sina (Avicenna)
    Ibn Gabirol (Avicebron)
    Anselm
    al-Ghazali

    1100-1200 CE
    Peter Abelard
    Abraham ibn Daud
    Peter Lombard .
    Averroes (Ibn Rushd, "The Commentator")
    Maimonides
    St Francis of Assisi

    1200-1300 CE
    Robert Grosseteste
    Albert the Great
    Roger Bacon
    Thomas Aquinas
    Bonaventure
    Siger
    Boetius of Dacia. Averroist, Aristotelian

    1300-1400 CE
    Ramon Llull
    Duns Scotus
    Meister Eckhart
    John Wycliffe
    Nicole Oresme
    Marsilius of Padua
    William of Ockham
    Gersonides
    Jean Buridan .
    Hasdai Crescas r.

    1400-1500 CE
    Nicholas of Cusa
    Lorenzo Valla
    Pico della Mirandola st.

    Early Modern Philosophers

    1500-1550 CE
    Desiderius Erasmus
    Niccolò Machiavelli
    Copernicus
    Sir Thomas More
    Petrus Ramus
    Martin Luther

    1550-1600 CE
    Teresa of Avila
    Michel de Montaigne
    Giordano Bruno
    Francisco Suarez
    John Calvin
    Pierre Charron

    1600-1650 CE
    Francis Bacon
    Hugo Grotius
    Galileo Galilei
    René Descartes
    Pierre Gassendi
    Marin Mersenne
    Baltasar Gracián
    Queen Kristina
    Pierre de Fermat
    Robert Filmer

    1650-1700 CE
    Thomas Hobbes
    Joseph Glanvill
    Arnold Geulincx
    Blaise Pascal
    Henry More
    Geraud Cordemoy. Dualist.
    Pierre Nicole
    Ralph Cudworth
    Margaret Cavendish
    Antoine Arnauld
    Richard Cumberland .
    Jacques Rohault.
    Simon Foucher
    Robert Boyle
    Nicolas Malebranche
    Samuel von Pufendorf
    Baruch Spinoza
    Isaac Newton
    Anne Conway, Viscountess Conway
    John Locke
    Damaris Masham.
    John Toland
    Pierre Baylest.
    Madeline de Souvré.

    1700-1750 CE

    Samuel Clarke
    Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury
    John Norris
    Gottfried Leibniz
    George Berkeley
    Catherine Cockburn
    Giambattista Vico
    Bernard Mandeville
    Francis Hutcheson
    Joseph Butler
    Christian Wolff
    John Gay
    David Hume
    Julien La Mettrie
    David Hartley
    Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu

    1750-1800 CE
     Etienne de Condillac.
    Richard Price
    Jean d'Alembert
    Voltaire
    Denis Diderot
    John Wesley
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    Baron d'Holbach
    Claude Adrien Helvétius
    Adam Smith
    Thomas Reid
    G.E. Lessing
    Edmund Burke
    Immanuel Kant
    Mary Wollstonecraft
    Jeremy Bentham
    Moses Mendelssohn ent.
    Dugald Stewart
    William Godwin
    Johann Gottlieb Fichte

    Modern Philosophers

    1800-1850 CE
    Joseph de Maistre
    Madame de Staël
    F.W.J. von Schelling
    Friedrich Schleiermacher
    P.S. de Laplace
    G.W.F. Hegel
    Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
    Comte de Saint-Simon
    Arthur Schopenhauer
    Richard Whately
    Charles Babbage
    John Austin
    Auguste Comte
    William Whewell
    James Mill
    P.J. Proudhon
    Bernard Bolzano
    Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ludwig Feuerbach
    Augustus De Morgan
    Charles Darwin
    Margaret Fuller
    Søren Kierkegaard
    Henry David Thoreau

    1850-1900 CE
    Sojourner Truth
    Karl Marx
    Harriet Taylor Mill
    Friedrich Engels
    Sir William Hamilton, 9th Baronet
    J. S. Mill
    Hermann Lotze.
    Herbert Spencerism.
    John Venn
    Susan B. Anthony
    Mikhail Bakunin
    Franz Brentano
    Henry Sidgwick
    Richard Dedekind
    W. K. Clifford
    Charles Sanders Peirce
    Edward Caird
    Ernst Mach
    T.H. Green
    Gottlob Frege
    Wilhelm Dilthey
    Friedrich Nietzsche .
    Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (Lewis Carroll)
    Bernard Bosanquet
    Giuseppe Peano
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton
    David George Ritchie
    Émile Durkheim
    William James
    Josiah Royce
    F.H. Bradley
    Vilfredo Pareto .
    Thorstein Veblen
    Sigmund Freud
    Max Weber
    Henri Bergson
    John Dewey
    Alexius Meinong
    Cook Wilson.
    Henri Poincaré
    Pierre Duhem
    Edmund Husserl
    Samuel Alexander
    Jane Addams
    Andrew Seth Pringle-Pattison
    G.E. Moore
    Benedetto Croce
    Carl Jung
    Emma Goldman
    Hans Vaihinger
    Rosa Luxemburg
    Miguel de Unamuno
    Ferdinand de Saussure
    J. M. E. McTaggart
    George Herbert Mead
    Alfred North Whitehead
    Martin Buber

    1900-2000 CE
    George Santayana
    Bertrand Russell
    Ludwig Wittgenstein
    Giovanni Gentile
    Georg Lukács
    C. D. Broad
    A.O. Lovejoy
    W.D. Ross
    Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
    Nikolai Berdyaev
    Hans Kelsen
    Moritz Schlick
    Otto Neurath
    Frank P. Ramsey
    Ernst Cassirer
    Nicolai Hartmann
    Karl Barth
    Walter Terence Stace
    Martin Heidegger
    Kurt Gödel
    Ralph Barton Perry
    Antonio Gramsci
    Roman Ingarden
    C.I. Lewis
    Gaston Bachelard
    A.J. Ayer
    Friedrich Waismann
    Jacques Maritain
    José Ortega y Gasset
    Alfred Tarski
    Rudolf Carnap
    H.L.A. Hart
    Willard van Orman Quine .
    Brand Blanshard
    E. Nagel
    Karl Popper
    Ernest Addison Moody
    Jean-Paul Sartre
    Gilbert Ryle
    H.H. Price
    Susanne Langer
    J.L. Austin
    Albert Camus
    Mortimer Adler
    Karl Jaspers
    Ayn Rand
    C.L. Stevenson
    Ludwig Wittgenstein
    Theodor Adorno
    Alan Turing
    H.A. Prichard
    Gabriel Marcel
    Herbert Marcuse.
    Simone Weil
    Simone de Beauvoir
    J. L. Mackie
    Donald Davidson
    P. F. Strawson
    R. M. Hare
    John Rawls
    Frantz Fanon
    Michel Foucault
    Hilary Putnam
    David Malet Armstrong
    John Howard Yoder
    Noam Chomsky
    Alasdair MacIntyre
    Jacques Derrida
    Richard Rorty
    Robert Nozick
    John Searle
    Jerry Fodor
    Thomas Nagel
    Saul Kripke
    David K. Lewis
    Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak
    Slavoj Žižek
    Judith Butler
     EASTERN PHILOSOPHERS

    Chinese Philosophers

    Ancient Chinese Philosophers

    Before 256 BCE
    Guan Zhong
    Confucius
    Sun Tzu

    475–221 BCE (Warring States Period)
    Gaozi
    Laozi
    Liezi
    Mencius
    Mozi
    Gongsun Longzi
    Hsu Hsing
    Hui Shi
    Shang Yang
    Shen Buhai
    Shen Dao
    Sung Hsing
    Yang Chu
    Zhuang Zi
    Han Feizi
    Xun Zi
    Zou Yan

    221BCE–220 CE (Qin, Han and Xin Dynasties)
    Cheng Hsuan
    Chia Yi
    Dong Zhongshu
    Ho Yen
    Huai Nun Tzu
    Wang Chong
    Yang Xiong

    220 CE–907 CE (Three Kingdoms 
    period to Tang Dynasty)
    Juan Chi
    Wang Bi
    Kuo Hsiang
    Zhi Dun
    Sengzhao
    Ko Hung
    Zhiyi
    Jizang
    Huineng
    Fazang
    Li Ao
    Han Yu
    Zongmi
    Linji

    907–1368 (Five Dynasties and
    Ten Kingdoms Period to Yuan Dynasty)
    Chang Tsai
    Cheng Hao
    Cheng Yi
    Zhou Dunyi
    Hu Yuan
    Shao Yung
    Zhu Xi
    Hu-Hung
    Lu Hsiang-shan

    1368–1912 (Ming and Qing Dynasties)
    Chang Hsueh-ch'eng
    Ch'en Hsien-chang
    Chiao Hung
    Huang Zongxi
    Kang Youwei
    Liang Qichao
    Liu Tsung-chou
    Sun Yat-sen
    Tai Chen
    T'an Ssu-t'ung
    Wang Fuzhi
    Wang Yangming
    Yen Yuan

    Modern Chinese Philosophers

    1912–1950
    Ch'ien Mu
    Thome H. Fang
    Feng Youlan
    Hsiung Shih-li
    Hsu Fu-kuan
    Hu Shih
    Liang Sou-ming
    Zhang Dongsun
    Liu Shaoqi
    Mao Zedong
    Mou Tsung-san
    T'ang Chun-i
    Hao Wang


    Indian Philosophers

    Ancient philosophers

    Vedic History
    Seven Rishis; Atri, Bharadwaja,
    Gautama, Jamadagni,
    Kasyapa, Vasishtha, Viswamitra
    Rishaba
    Yajnavalkya

    1000–600 BCE
    Kapila
    Parshva

    600–400 BCE (Sectarianism)
    Cārvāka
    Siddhartha Gautama
    Mahavira
    Kanada

    321–184 BCE (Mauryan Empire)
    Aksapada Gautama
    Chanakya

    184 BCE–100 CE
    Patanjali
    Badarayana
    Aksapada Gautama

    100–300 (Cholas, Cheras, Pandavas)
    Nagarjuna

    300–550 (Gupta Empire)
    Bhartrhari
    Bodhidharma
    Buddhaghosa
    Dignaga
    Uddyotakara
    Vasubandhu
    Vatsyayana

    600–900
    Candrakirti
    Dharmakirti
    Adi Shankara

    900–1100 (Muslim dominance)
    Abhinavagupta
    Ramanuja
    Udayana

    1100–1500
    Basaveshwara
    Shri Madhvacharya
    Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
    Gangeśa Upādhyāya

    1500–1800 (Mughal Empire)
    Gadadhara Bhattacharya
    Shah Wali Allah
    Vallabhacharya

    Modern Indian Philosophers

    1800–1900 (British rule)
    Rabindranath Tagore

    20th century
    Allama Iqbal
    Swami Vivekanand
    Sri Aurobindo
    Mahatma Gandhi
    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
    Amartya Sen
    Osho
    Jiddu Krishnamurti
    Sri Sri Ravi Shankar


    Japanese Philosophers

    Ancient Japanese Philosophers

    Until 1185 CE (until the end of the Heian Period)
    Kūkai
    Hōne

    1185–1333 (Kamakura Period)
    Shinra
    Dōgen Zenji
    Nichiren

    1333–1867 (Muromachi Period to Edo Period)
    Zeami Motokiyo
    Fujiwara Seika
    Miyamoto Musashi
    Kumazawa Banzan
    Ito Jinsai
    Kaibara Ekiken
    Ogyū Sorai
    Hakuin Ekaku
    Tominaga Nakamoto
    Motoori Norinaga
    Nishi Amane

    Modern Japanese Philosophers

    1867–1950
    Nishida Kitaro
    D. T. Suzuki
    Tanabe Hajime
    Kuki Shūzō
    Watsuji Tetsuro
    Sakurazawa Yukikazu (George Ohsawa)
    Miki Kiyoshi (1897–1945)
    Nishitani Keiji


    Korean Philosophers

    Ancient Korean Philosophers

    Until 676 CE (until the end of the Three Kingdoms period)
    Seungrang

    676–935 (Unified Silla period)
    Woncheuk
    Wonhyo
    Uisang
    Doseon
    Choi Chi-won

    935–1392 (Goryeo period)
    Uicheon
    Jinul

    1392–1910 (Joseon period)
    Jeong Do-jeon
    Seo Gyeong-deok
    Yi Eon-jeok
    Jo Sik
    Yi Hwang
    Yi I
    Jeong Je-du
    Jeong Yak-yong
    Kim Jeong-hui
    Choi Han-gi
    Choi Je-u
    Yi Je-ma

    Modern Korean Philosophers

    1910–1950
    Ryu Yeong-mo
    Ham Seok-heon


    Tibetan Philosophers

    Sa skya pandita
    Je Tsongkhapa
    Gyeltsap Darma Rinchen
    Kaydrup glek belsangbo
    Mikyo Dorje

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